1.
Nutrients and oxygen are transferred from a mother to her developing fetus through the:
A.
embryo.
B.
ovaries.
C.
teratogens.
D.
placenta.


2.
The most immediate and direct function of the rooting reflex is the facilitation of:
A.
identity.
B.
object permanence.
C.
food consumption.
D.
visual development.


3.
Infants' tendency to gaze longer at novel stimuli than at familiar ones provides compelling evidence regarding their:
A.
self-concepts.
B.
egocentrism.
C.
basic trust.
D.
stranger anxiety.
E.
memory capacities.


4.
The importance of schemas was most clearly highlighted by:
A.
Erikson's psychosocial development theory.
B.
Piaget's cognitive development theory.
C.
Haidt's social intuitionist theory.
D.
Kohlberg's moral development theory.


5.
Two closed, pyramid-shaped beakers containing clearly identical amounts of a liquid are suddenly judged by a child to hold different amounts after one of the beakers is inverted. The child apparently lacks a:
A.
sense of object permanence.
B.
concept of conservation.
C.
capacity for habituation.
D.
secure attachment.


6.
A child's realization that others may have beliefs which the child knows to be false best illustrates the development of:
A.
object permanence.
B.
egocentrism.
C.
a theory of mind.
D.
stranger anxiety.
E.
menarche.


7.
The process of imprinting occurs during a brief developmental phase known as:
A.
menarche.
B.
puberty.
C.
menopause.
D.
habituation.
E.
a critical period.


8.
Although 3-year-old Adam happily explores the attractive toys located in the dentist's waiting room, he periodically returns to his mother's side for brief moments. Adam most clearly displays signs of:
A.
secure attachment.
B.
object permanence.
C.
egocentrism.
D.
conservation.
E.
stranger anxiety.


9.
“I don't care whether you want to wash the dishes, you will do so because I said so!” This statement is most representative of a(n) ________ parenting style.
A.
preconventional
B.
authoritative
C.
formal operational
D.
authoritarian


10.
Female breasts are to ________ as male testes are to ________.
A.
menarche; menopause
B.
menopause; menarche
C.
secondary sex characteristics; primary sex characteristics
D.
primary sex characteristics; secondary sex characteristics


11.
Mark believes that choosing to violate government laws is morally justifiable if it is done to protect the lives of innocent people. Kohlberg would suggest that this illustrates ________ morality.
A.
conventional
B.
unconventional
C.
preconventional
D.
postconventional


12.
Adolescent females spend _______ time alone and _______ time praying than do adolescent males.
A.
more; more
B.
less; less
C.
more; less
D.
less; more


13.
A reduction in estrogen levels is most closely associated with:
A.
puberty.
B.
menopause.
C.
Alzheimer's disease.
D.
fetal alcohol syndrome.


14.
People differ the most in their learning and memory abilities during:
A.
late adolescence.
B.
early adulthood.
C.
middle adulthood.
D.
later adulthood.


15.
A researcher who administers a personality test to the same children every 3 years as they progress through school is conducting a(n) ________ study.
A.
longitudinal
B.
experimental
C.
cross-sectional
D.
chronological




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